The Ford Production System, FPS

FPS可是視為Ford版本的 TPS (Toyota Production System)。


Toyota 認為其 TPS 源自 Ford 的流動生產線,Ford 近幾年厲經圖治頗有績效,是美國三大汽車廠唯一不需要政府介入的汽車廠。


Ford 對其 FPS的定義如下:


A lean flexible and disciplined common production system this is defined by a set of principles and processes that employs groups of capable and empowered people who are learning and working safely together to produce and deliver products that consistently exceed customers’ expectation in quality, cost and time.



1. Becoming lean: inside stories of U.S. manufacturers 作者:Jeffrey K. Liker